Fulminant necrotizing streptococcal myositis with dramatic outcome – a rare case report
Necrotizing myositis represents a rare, aggressive form of bacterial-induced soft tissue necrotizing infection. We present a fulminant case of a 44-year-old patient with a necrotizing soft tissue infection and a history of rheumatoid arthritis transferred to our service, Cluj-Napoca Emergency County Hospital, from a local hospital where he had been admitted two days before with chills and light-headedness after an accidental minor blunt trauma in the right thigh region. After admission to our hospital and first assessment, broad spectrum antibiotherapy was started with Meropenem, Vancomycin and Metronidazole along with surgical debridement. The evolution was fulminant with rapid development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, therefore he was transferred to the intensive care unit, intubated, and started the volemic resuscitation and vasopressor therapy. The blood culture was positive for group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS) and high dose Penicillin G was added to the therapeutic scheme. Despite all efforts, the patient developed disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome and died in the next hours. The clinical picture together with the findings from the autopsy were suggestive for a streptococcal toxic shock syndrome developed as a complication of GAS induced necrotizing myositis.