In 2017, the World Health Organization classified the odontogenic keratocyst as a developmental odontogenic cyst. The posterior parts of the mandible, especially the angle and the ramus, are the most involved sites. Due to their high recurrence rate, keratocysts are managed surgically with careful complete excision. Additionally, chemical solutions such as Carnoy's solution, modified Carnoy's solution, and 5-Fluorouracil have been associated with surgical treatment.

Diode lasers generate diverse wavelengths that have photothermal and photochemical special properties and could have some effects on the lining epithelium remnants of the cyst.

In this paper, we discuss a case of mandibular recurrent odontogenic keratocyst treated with 5-Fluorouracil topical application after enucleation and diode laser application with 18 years follow-up and teeth replacement with dental implant.

5-Fluorouracil and diode laser have been found to be very effective in the treatment of keratocysts.


keratocyst, odontogenic cysts, mandible, diode laser, 5-Fluorouracil