Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is determined in the vast majority of cases by mutations in the CYP21A2 gene, which cause the deficiency of the 21 hydroxylase enzyme, which is involved in the synthesis of cortisol and aldosterone. Generally, CAH phenotype and disease severity can be predicted with the genotypes and is related to the residual activity of 21 hydroxylase enzyme. It is divided into classical CAH with salt wasting and simple virilizing forms and non-classical or late-onset CAH forms, respectively. Patients with 21 hydroxylase deficiency, including those with non-classic forms face immense challenges to their fertility. Glucocorticoid therapy has been shown to be useful in obtaining and maintaining a pregnancy among these patients, but it must be used with caution. Given the relevance of CAH in reproductive medicine as well as the diagnostic challenges posed by the phenotypic overlap with polycystic ovary syndrome and by overlap of its own phenotypes (classic CAH-nonclassic CAH), we present the case of a woman with CAH due to 21 hydroxylase deficiency caused by the P30L mutation with a clinical and biochemical presentation between the non-classical form and the classic simple virilizing form. Further, the successful fertility management in this patient and an overview of fertility management in CAH is depicted, as well.


congenital adrenal hyperplasia, virilism, p30l mutation, fertility