Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas: clinical-pathological features and management of 13 cases
Background and aim. Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a rare pathological condition, representing less than 3% of all exocrine pancreatic tumors. SPT usually occurs in young females, without notable symptoms, with a low malignant potential and excellent prognosis.
Method. We conducted a retrospective study during the period January 2005 - January 2015. SPT patients admitted in our institution were reviewed by describing demographic data, clinico-pathologic and radiological features, therapeutic management and prognosis records.
Results. Thirteen patients with SPT were identified (10 females), with a median age of 30 years. The main clinical presentation was abdominal pain (92.3%). The tumor was mostly located in the body or tail of the pancreas (77%), and the mean size was 8.2 cm. Regarding the surgical approach there were 5 distal pancreatectomies with splenectomy, 3 body and tail pancreatectomies, 2 body and tail pancreatectomies with splenectomy, 2 pancreato-duodenectomy, 1 partial enucleation and of all only 2 partial resections. Postoperative hematoxylin- eosin staining and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis in all cases. None of the patients had lymph nodes metastases. Only one local invasion. There was one case of death due to postoperative complications. Four cases followed adjuvant systemic chemotherapy. The mean follow-up was 18 months, without evidence of recurrence during this period.
Conclusion. SPT should always be considered in the differential diagnosis in young women with a pancreatic tumor. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice, and is usually curative. The decision to administer systemic therapy must be individualized. Malignant behavior and late recurrences mandates long-term follow-up for patients with SPT.