Health Related Quality of life in bladder cancer. Current approach and future perspectives
Bladder cancer is a real health problem due to its increased incidence, high recurrence rate and the fact that usually it is detected in advanced stages with limited number of diagnostic tools and different therapy response rates to current therapeutic strategies. Because of these issues we must develop screening programs and sensitive diagnostic strategies capable of detecting the disease during its early stages but also for characterizing evolution, prognosis and therapeutic response. Issues of great importance are those related to health quality of life of patients from the moment of diagnosis till the use of existing therapeutic approaches. This paper reviews some facets of life quality in patients diagnosed with bladder cancer stressing upon some proposed questionnaires and some new cell and molecular biology and genomic acquisitions (molecular biomarkers) that may become indicators of prognosis, therapeutic response and life quality but also essential tools in guiding therapeutic strategies.