Molecular targeted treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer: the cardiovascular adverse effects of Bevacizumab and Cetuximab
Novel emerging therapies have changed paradigms in metastatic colorectal cancer. The advantages of molecular targeted treatments, either the anti-angiogenic or the anti-epidermal growth factor receptor drugs, reside in the fact that while their specificity for the cancer cell is higher, their toxicity on normal tissues is significantly lower when compared to chemotherapy. But when it comes to their safety, especially from a cardiovascular point of view, they still need to pass the test of time and further prospective studies are needed. Clinical trial patients are very well selected with regards to comorbidities and therefore, they often differ from real-life patients. In order to maximize the benefits from these drugs, we need to better identify the population at risk, understand and early diagnose their on- and off-target adverse effects and to adequately choose the diagnostic tools; with a better prevention and early treatment, the quality and quantity of our patients’ lives can be significantly improved.