Evaluation Of Serum β-Hcg And Papp-A Levels In Pregnant Women At Risk Of Developing Preeclampsia
Background and aim. Preeclampsia remains a major problem of modern obstetrics with insufficiently elucidated etiology; early detection would diminish maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to determine the serum values of β-hCG in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy and PAPP-A values in the first trimester of pregnancy in pregnant women with risk factors for preeclampsia, in order to evaluate their relevance in the prediction of this disorder.
Material and methods. We performed a prospective longitudinal study on 120 pregnant women divided into two groups according to the evolution of pregnancy: group I - 26 pregnant women who developed preeclampsia and group II - 94 pregnant women who did not develop preeclampsia and had a physiological evolution of pregnancy.
Results. Our results indicate the association between high β hCG levels in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy and the development of PE, β-hCG having the highest predictive power in the second trimester. We also obtained a positive association between low serum levels in PAPP-A in the first trimester and onset of PE. The predictive power of conjugated β-hCG and PAPP-A values in the first trimester of pregnancy was better that any other marker analyzed separately.
Conclusions. Increased β-hCG levels in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy and low PAPP-A levels in the second trimester of pregnancy are associated with a higher risk for PE, the study providing only a modest efficiency of the prediction capacity.