Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) approach has been successfully employed for a number of urologic procedures. The retroperitoneal approach further limits the working space and instrument movement during LESS surgery, but has the advantage of a faster post-operative recovery and lower complications rate. We present our first experience using retroperitoneal LESS approach for a renal cyst decortication in a 40-year-old patient. The operative time was 40 minutes, the blood loss was minimal and we did not encounter significant conflicts between the instruments. The patient was discharged 2 days after the procedure and returned to full normal activity within one week. We consider that the retroperitoneal LESS approach is feasible for upper tract urologic surgery. Pre-bent instruments might further improve surgical gestures and extend the indications for more complex procedures. Nevertheless, the advent of reusable devices is expected to increase the cost-effectiveness of LESS and expand its use.


laparoendoscopic single-site, retroperitoneal approach, upper urinary tract, renal cyst